4 Essential Knots that are helpful to learn and know


Found his extremely helpful article over on the Outdoor Herbivore Blog.

 

Figured the info would be helpful to people reading www.elitesurvivor.com

 

Here are 4 knots you need to know – especially if you participate in outdoor activities such as backpacking, boating, climbing, and caving. Knot tying is a useful skill for various applications, from securing gear to saving a life. These four are particularly useful and easy to learn!

 

1. Bowline Knot

The bowline received its name because it was traditionally used by sailors to affix the sail to the bow (front) of the boat. In the present era, it is referred as the “King of Knots” because it is suited for many applications. This knot makes a secure loop which can be lengthened to any size and does not slip under tension. The loop can then be secured to an anchor point, such as a rock/post/tree.

Uses:

Safety harness for lowering individuals

Securing yourself (as a safety) to pass through difficult terrain

Docking a boat or other similar purpose requiring a secure anchor on one end

 

Steps

  1. Make an initial loop near the end of the rope
  2. Pass the longer end of the rope up through the loop
  3. Pass the end around the start of the rope from right to left
  4. Pass the end down into the new loop and tighten

Instructional step by step videos
http://www.animatedknots.com/bowline/index.php?Categ=boating

http://www.howcast.com/videos/57-How-To-Tie-a-Bowline-Knot

Bowline Knot Tip

The boyscouts’ have a mnemonic to remember how to tie this knot, “The rabbit comes out of the hole, around the tree, and back in the hole”. The loop is the rabbit’s hole, one end of the rope is the rabbit, and the opposite end of the rope (where the knot begins) is the tree the rabbit goes around.

 

2. Two Half Hitch

The two half hitch knot is used to hitch (secure) an object to a fixed object such as a tree, pole, post, or ring.

Uses:

Moor boats to posts

Hang a clothesline

Secure equipment to the top of your vehicle’s luggage rack

Hang a hammock to a tree

Steps:

  1. Form a loop around an anchor object, and wrap the short end of the rope over and under the longer part of the rope.
  2. Pass the end of the rope down the loop and pull tight to complete the ‘half hitch’.
  3. Repeat the loop below the first half to complete the second half hitch.
  4. Tighten to finish.

Instructional step by step videos

http://www.animatedknots.com/roundturn

http://www.howcast.com/videos/180-How-To-Tie-a-Two-Half-Hitch-Knot

Tip   

Use the taut line hitch if you are tying one end of the rope to a stake.

 

3. Taut Line Hitch
This fast & adjustable knot is ideal for applications in which you need the rope to slide in one direction or to periodically adjust the tightness. Since it will only slide one way, the taut-line hitch is often used for tying tent and tarp grommets to a tree or stake.

Uses:

Tents

Clothesline

Steps

  1. Form a loop around an anchor object, and wrap the short end of the rope over and under the longer part of the rope.
  2. Pass the end of the rope down the loop and pull tight to complete the ‘half hitch’.
  3. Bring the end of the rope to the front of the loop and make another half-hitch.
  4. Snug the hitch firmly around the end of the rope. Slide the knot along the rope to adjust as necessary.

Instructional step by step videos

http://www.animatedknots.com/rollinghitchboating/

http://www.howcast.com/videos/52-How-To-Tie-a-Taut-Line-Hitch-Knot

 

4. Square knot

Also referred to as a reef knot, this is a very quick, easy, and secure way to tie two different ropes together.  It ties and unties easily and will not slip or jam. It is also used to tie two end of a single line together to secure a bundle of objects – such as firewood.  You can loosen the square knot easily by pushing the ends toward the knot.

 

Uses:

Tie off bandages in first aid

Secure packages

Bundle firewood

Tie shoe laces to prevent them from unraveling

Join two ends together to make a handle, such as for trash bags

Steps:

  1. Tie a knot by holding the rope parallel to the ground and crossing the right side over the left and tighten.
  2. Tie a second knot in the opposite direction (left over right) and tighten.

The knot should lie flat when tied with the ends of the knot pointed in the same direction as the rope.

Instructional step by step video

http://www.animatedknots.com/reef

Tip:

Be careful that you don’t tie a granny knot! The granny knot is tied twice in the same direction.  It slips and fails to hold.